Winter is the time of year that many of us are in need of a good moisturiser. But will any do?
The answer is NO. Your skin concerns will determine which moisturiser is right for you.
What does a moisturiser do?
A moisturiser helps to maintain the correct moisture and/or hydration levels in the Stratum Corneum (top layer of the epidermis). This will help keep the barrier of the skin healthy. By keeping the barrier of the skin healthy we can prevent the skin from becoming over-reactive and sensitive.
With so many varieties of moisturisers on the market, is there a difference between supermarket or a professional range moisturiser prescribed by your skin/beauty therapist? Yes, you will find that many moisturisers sold in your local supermarket contain non-active ingredients.
It is also advisable to avoid the following ingredients in a moisturiser:
Propylene Glycol (the main ingredient for Antifreeze), provides slip to the skin. This will break down the protein which is a major component of skin cells and can also cause skin irritation.
Mineral Oil gives the illusion of moisturising due to the oily nature of this ingredient. However, as the molecules are so large it is unable to penetrate into the skin and just sits on the surface. This then suffocates the skin and impairs the natural process of the skin. Mineral oils can cause acne, general congestion, irritation and premature ageing.
Artificial colours can be a skin irritant.
Perfume in moisturisers can cause photosensitivity which can create pigmentation and also irritate the skin.
If a moisturiser is meant to keep the barrier of your skin strong than what you need to determine is which moisturiser is right for you. The following will help guide you to find the right moisturiser for your skin type.
If your skin is oily, a moisturiser may not be necessary. However, oily skins can also be dehydrated. In this case you would be looking for a water based moisturiser that contains Hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid binds 1000 times its water weight which will keep the skin hydrated, plump,soft and supple. Water based moisturisers are ideal for oily skin due to the fact they hydrate without adding oil to the skin.
There are some light oil based moisturisers that are designed to balance and reduce oil production in the skin. The two moisturisers that are recommend below use plant and aromatherapy oils which are antibacterial, calming and hydrating.
There are those skins that need a moisturiser but have breakouts. This type of skin is typical in the 30-40's age group. The concern is anti ageing while needing to address the breakouts. So we are looking for multi usage moisturiser that is a vitamin and anti-oxidant booster and one that is not too rich in emollients. They will prevent the skin from further free radical damage while hydrating and providing just enough oil to prevent further breakouts. Examples:
These skins need a high level of hydration and lipids that are in the form of an emollient and humectant. By using a good professional range moisturiser, you would be assured you are not going to just get the feel good moisturisers but one which provides extra nourishment and hydration for this skin type. Recommended for this skin type are:
Menopausal skins are prone to loss of elasticity and a reduction of collagen production due to the lower levels of oestrogen that is produced. There are specific moisturisers that replace what is lost in the skin during this time, known as phyto- oestrogens. Examples:
As you can see the examples of moisturisers I have provided are all professional skincare ranges. These moisturiser have active ingredients and are a formulated with the finest ingredients to nurture the need of the individual skin type.
So if you think any moisturiser will do, I hope this enlightens you to think differently!
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